但是，因為基督確實是真神上帝的緣故，我們必須把其他所有的事物當作低下的次等，把基督高舉過萬事，成為真神上帝。——馬丁路德（《馬太福音》的某些註釋）(AE 67:115–116from Concordia Publishing House， Saint Louis, MO)
The stress is on the word “more,” because He does not hereby destroy but affirms the authority of parents, that is, that parents are to be loved and revered—“but not more than I.” If it becomes a matter of the Word, parents are to be set aside. But beyond such a case, parents are to be obeyed without qualification.
This is, however, a scandalous teaching, first, because children are of their own accord despisers and haters of their parents. How much more will they now, under the pretext of this teaching, hate their parents, saying, “I am compelled to love Christ more than my parents.” Thus under the papacy this scandal gave rise to all the monasteries into whose cloisters people used to run, as if to Christ, against the will of their parents.
But by far the most serious part [of the scandal] is this: that Christ with these words makes Himself equal to God. For He says that parents are to be hated on account of Him. But the glory of holding preeminence over parents belongs to God alone. For only the One who commanded obedience to parents can relax this obedience. Therefore, Christ is here showing Himself to be God, something that was horrible for the Jews to hear. For the prophets did not speak like this, nor did they dare to accord themselves preeminence over parents or magistrates. Rather, they preached that God was to have preeminence over everything, while they boasted of themselves as His ministers; the apostles did likewise, especially Paul, who says that He preaches Jesus Christ and not himself [2 Cor. 4:5]. All of these words show that this crucified man is the true God. This is the scandal of scandals for the Jews and for all nations. This is still the case, and so it must remain forever, because on account of Him as on account of the true God we must treat everything else as inferior, and He Himself is to be exalted over all things as the true God. Thus, under lowly words, His infinite majesty makes itself known to believers. The godless pass these things by with a deaf ear.(AE 67:115–116 from Concordia Publishing House， Saint Louis, MO)